The operation characteristics of China's instrumen

2022-09-27
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In the first half of 2012, there were 3705 Enterprises above Designated Size in China's instrumentation industry, with a total industrial output value of 314.066 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 17.03%, an industrial sales output value of 304.948 billion yuan, an increase of 16.79%, of which the export delivery value was 51.862 billion yuan, an increase of 11.35%. From January to may, the profit was 17.7 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 8.05%. The economic operation situation was slow and stable, and there was progress in stability

analysis of the characteristics of economic operation in the first half of the year:

1 From the perspective of sub industries, there were great changes in the first half of this year compared with previous years. Due to the large correlation with the "three high" upstream industries such as steel, electricity, coal, chemicals and oil, the automation instrument industry with rapid growth in the past has a year-on-year increase of more than 30% to 13%; Scientific instruments such as analysis and testing still maintain an increase of more than 20%, indicating that scientific and technological innovation still has a strong demand for scientific research and testing equipment, but the pattern that medium and high-end instruments mainly rely on imports has not changed; It accounts for a large proportion in the whole industry, but the growth of special instruments related to people's livelihood, culture and education, meteorology, ocean, geological exploration, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, culture and education, medical treatment and other special instruments is relatively fast

2. With the gradual deepening of economic restructuring, the overall operation situation of the industry is tight, and the situation of enterprises is obviously differentiated. According to preliminary understanding and analysis. At present, the production and sales are in good condition, and the growth rate may reach more than 20%, accounting for about 10-15%; The small increase is about 50%; At present, it still accounts for about 1 in the negative growth area, compared with other mother of Pearl imitations/3. With the "steady growth" measures in place, it is expected that the proportion of the first and second categories will gradually rise

3. Individual manufacturers increased by 10 yuan/ton. Enterprises in good condition this year are generally those with high product technology content, good industrialization results and less serious capacity expansion, such as Zhejiang central control, Beijing Hollysys, Hangzhou spotlight, Shanghai Sunny Hengping, Shanghai lanbao and other enterprises. Their common feature is that affected by the macro-economy, although the total demand for products has not increased significantly, due to the competitive advantage, the market share is rising, such as DCS, In the competition with many well-known foreign enterprises, Hollysys and zhongkong are likely to enter the top three. The growth of production and sales mainly depends on technological progress and services to recapture the market from foreign enterprises. Due to the high-end products and emphasis on modern enterprise management, the gross profit of leading products of excellent enterprises is more than 50%, the net profit of enterprises is more than 15%, and the service businesses such as engineering integration and software account for 35%

4. Different from 2008, many enterprises have taken measures to expand exports to make up for the decline in domestic demand growth this year. For example, the watt hour meter bank adopts a computer-controlled windows operating system to dynamically display the experimental data curve, which can automatically calculate the maximum force, maximum deformation, bending stress, bending strength, tightening strength, tightening force, yield HRB, elastic modulus Parameters such as elongation (according to the user's requirements, which kind of experiment is needed to equip the corresponding fixture) the industry has exported 14.54 million units from January to June, an increase of 40.39%, with an amount of $295million, an increase of 43.7%, and is expected to reach more than 25million units throughout the year, exceeding $500million for the first time; The export of the gas meter industry has experienced negative growth for two consecutive years. This year, it has turned negative into positive, with double-digit growth; The export of optical components industry declined due to the weak market of cameras and video cameras in the past few years. Recently, the global sales momentum has been seized and structural adjustment has been carried out. At present, 80% of the lenses in the world are produced in China, and 12.58 million pieces of 1-6 moonlight components have been exported, with an amount of US $880 million, an increase of 33.6%. Not only the traditional export products are growing, but the export of high-end products is also expanding vigorously. On March 20 this year, Beijing Hollysys signed a contract with Hong Kong Railway Corporation to provide all ground and on-board signal systems of Guangzhou Shenzhen Hong Kong High Speed Railway (Hong Kong Section), with a contract amount of HK $490million. In April and may this year, Zhejiang zhongkong undertook two petrochemical projects in two countries in the Middle East, using Chinese control system and assembly in MAV mode, with an amount of about 400million and 300million. The above situation shows that although the global economy is weak and export growth is difficult, there is still potential to be tapped. It is necessary to subdivide research and support promotion

5 so that the experimenter has enough time to read out the accurate load value The "three foreign funded" enterprises continued to be depressed. From January to June, the growth rate of production and sales was only 5.23% and 4.65%, 12 percentage points lower than that of the whole industry. The profit growth has been negative so far, and the loss making enterprises have exceeded 30%. Only in the first half of this year, the proportion of production and sales in the whole industry fell by 3 percentage points after four consecutive years of decline. The downturn of the "three foreign investments" has become an important reason why the whole industry is difficult to recover to a year-on-year increase of 20%

annual forecast: if there are no sudden major fluctuations in the macro economy, the main economic indicators of the instrument industry this year can reach the expected target at the beginning of the year:

1 The expected index of year-on-year growth of production and sales is 15%, which is expected to reach about 18%

2. The expected target of year-on-year profit growth is 13%, which is expected to be lower than 13%

3. The year-on-year growth rate of imports remained at a low single digit growth rate of about 5%

the year-on-year growth rate of exports can still reach double-digit growth, about 18%; The import and export deficit is still huge, reaching more than US $15billion, but slightly lower than US $17.3 billion last year

the completion of major economic indicators of the national instrument industry in the first half of 2012

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